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Original author(s) George Hotz
Developer(s) George Hotz
Initial release 9 October 2010; 13 years ago
Stable release RC1b / 11 October 2010; 13 years ago
Development status Deprecated
Written in C
Operating system Windows / OS X
Size Windows: 317.5 KiB [EXE]
OS X: 478.1 KiB [ZIP]
Available in English
Type Jailbreaking
License Freeware

limera1n is geohot's jailbreak utility. It uses a previously undisclosed bootrom exploit (the limera1n Exploit) and comex's Packet Filter Kernel Exploit to achieve an untethered jailbreak on many devices. The following devices are supported:

limera1n has been demonstrated multiple times by geohot, using blog posts on his now private blog. Geohot showed off a high-res picture of Cydia on an iPhone 4. He displayed an iPod touch (3rd generation) with an untethered jailbreak that met MuscleNerd's requirements for a good video. In addition, he took a picture of Cydia and blackra1n icons on an iPad.

Release text

limera1n, 6 months in the making

iPhone 3GS, iPod Touch (3rd generation), iPad, iPhone 4, iPod Touch (4th generation)
4.0-4.1 and beyond+++
limera1n is unpatchable
untethered thanks to jailbreakme star comex
brought to you by geohot
Mac coming in 7 years
donations keep support alive

zero pictures of my face


  • geohot - The program itself, and the bootrom exploit.
  • comex - The userland exploit that allows limera1n to run untethered.


Version Release Date MD5 Hash Changelog
Beta 1 9 October 2010 2f2b09a6ed5c5613d5361d8a9d0696b6 First release
Beta 2 10 October 2010 a70dccb3dfc0e505687424184dc3d1ce Fixed "kernel patching magic". Should be run over a beta 1 jailbreak
Beta 3 10 October 2010 81730090f7de1576268ee8c2407c3d35 Fixed an issue with iPhone 3GS (new bootrom)
Beta 4 10 October 2010 d901c4b3a544983f095b0d03eb94e4db Uninstall and respring bugs fixed
RC1 11 October 2010 0622d99ffe4c25f75c720a689853845f afc2, reliability improvements, reboot no longer needed for Cydia; Also ~2 KB smaller
RC1b 11 October 2010 fc6f7d696a57c3baede49bdff8a7f43f Addresses an installation issue that mainly affected iPads

Technical Information



limera1n reuses the usb_control_msg(0x21,2) but exploits a different vulnerability (see Limera1n Exploit).


The jailbreak appears to execute something like the following (in no particular order):

  • In recovery1,
"setenv debug-uarts 1
setenv auto-boot false
"setenv auto-boot true
 geohot done"

Interesting Messages

"geohot black is the new purple"
"blackra1n start: %d current IRQ mask is %8.8X
usb irq disabled...shhh
fxns found @ %8.8X %8.8X
found iBoot @ %8.8X
i'm back from IRQland...
3g detected, kicking nor
nor kicked
memcpy done
iBoot restored!!!
found command table @ %8.8X
cmd_geohot added
time to pray...%8.8X"
"2.2X  send command(%d): %s
send exploit!!!
sent data to copy: %X
 sent shellcode: %X has real length %X
never freed: %X
sent fake data to timeout: %X
 sent exploit to heap overflow: %X
 sending file with length: 0x%X Mingw runtime failure:
  VirtualQuery failed for %d bytes at address %p      Unknown pseudo relocation protocol version %d.
    Unknown pseudo relocation bit size %d."


The release of this jailbreak was specifically designed to pressure the Chronic Dev Team into not releasing SHAtter, and instead implement the limera1n exploit into greenpois0n; after releasing limera1n, releasing SHAtter would uselessly disclose another bootrom exploit to Apple.

Geohot's rationale was that Apple already discovered, through internal testing, the limera1n exploit, making it very likely that it will be fixed in the next bootrom revision. Because iBoot code is present both in the bootrom and firmware, and because firmware is refreshed much more often than bootrom code, any fix in this code branch would appear first in firmware. Geohot observed his limera1n exploit was closed in firmware and concluded that it would almost certainly be fixed in the next bootrom revision, whereas SHAtter still has a chance of remaining useful for an indefinite amount of time. Both vulnerabilities ended up being patched in the iPad 2. It was fixed before the release of limera1n according to the build number. This has been confirmed by p0sixninja.

limera1n's untethered userland exploit for iOS 4.0 and 4.1 was obtained by geohot under questionable circumstances from comex. Comex did end up fixing the kernel patching code by beta2, so as to not break users' devices.


limera1n will copy hacktivation.dylib to /usr/lib and change entries to, whether it has been activated using iTunes or not. This, while helpful to many, can also be harmful to legitimate activators. For a guide on how to remove this hacktivation on iTunes activated devices, see the link below.

External Links