Tutorial:Booting XNU on A4 Devices

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Revision as of 00:21, 13 November 2013 by Winocm (talk | contribs) (It makes me angry if you 'maintain' a fork and never remerge it with master.)
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These steps will let you boot XNU on all A4 devices. The tutorial was written for Macs with an iPhone 4 running iOS 6.1.3.


First you must install CTF tools etc. Follow these instructions for 10.8. For 10.9, run these commands in Terminal.

$ curl -O http://opensource.apple.com/tarballs/dtrace/dtrace-118.tar.gz
$ curl -O http://opensource.apple.com/tarballs/AvailabilityVersions/AvailabilityVersions-6.tar.gz
$ git clone https://github.com/winocm/xnu
$ tar zxf dtrace-118.tar.gz
$ cd dtrace-118
$ mkdir -p obj sym dst
$ xcodebuild install -target ctfconvert -target ctfdump -target ctfmerge ARCHS="x86_64" SRCROOT=$PWD OBJROOT=$PWD/obj SYMROOT=$PWD/sym DSTROOT=$PWD/dst
$ sudo ditto $PWD/dst/usr/local /usr/local
$ cd ..
$ tar zxf AvailabilityVersions-6.tar.gz
$ cd AvailabilityVersions-6
$ mkdir -p dst
$ make install SRCROOT=$PWD DSTROOT=$PWD/dst
$ sudo ditto $PWD/dst/usr/local `xcrun -sdk / -show-sdk-path`/usr/local
$ cd ..
$ cd xnu

Now you are in the xnu folder. Know you must make it for the A4.

$ make TARGET_CONFIGS="debug arm S5L8930X"

Navigate to BUILD/obj/DEBUG_ARM_S5L8930X. In this folder are many files. mach_kernel is the bootable image.

Ok now you need the 4.x IPSW for your A4 device. If you have a newer iOS version, you need the IPSW for iOS 4.1 also.

You need redsn0w in order to boot the kernel. Open Terminal and navigate to the redsn0w folder. Now you type the following commands:

$ cd redsn0w.app/Contents/MacOS
$ ./redsn0w -i <'4.1 iPSW'> -k <'mach_kernel'>

Here a example command:

$ ./redsn0w -i /Users/Louis/Desktop/iOS\:Mac\ hack/XNU_Kernel_Panic_Apple_A4-Booting/iPhone3\,1_4.1_8B117_Restore.ipsw -k /Users/Louis/Desktop/xnu/BUILD/obj/DEBUG_ARM_S5L8930X/mach_kernel


-graphics-mode    Enables graphics mode. Boots with an apple logo and a white spinner, kernel panics show the panic dialog

Now you must get your device into DFU Mode.

Wait a few seconds and a white screen will flashes on your iDevice. Now you see the pineapple on your iDevice. 30-60 seconds later the kernel will be booted. You'll see 'Still waiting for root device' for a while, but a kernel panic will occur if you wait more than 10-30 minutes.

And that's it.

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